TMD stands for temporomandibular disorder. It is a condition that affects the functioning of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the surrounding muscles, causing pain and discomfort in the jaw, face, head, neck, and shoulders.
TMD can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury to the jaw, grinding or clenching of the teeth, arthritis, stress, or misalignment of the jaw or teeth. Symptoms of TMD may include pain or tenderness in the jaw, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, clicking or popping sounds when moving the jaw, headaches, and ear pain or ringing.
Treatment for TMD may include medications, physical therapy, or dental procedures to improve the alignment of the jaw or teeth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat severe TMD.